Knee Osteoarthritis – Frisco, TX
Dr. Kouyoumjian is a renowned orthopedic surgeon serving Frisco, TX. He specializes in diagnosing and treating a wide range of knee conditions including injuries, fractures and degenerative problems, such as Osteoarthritis.

Knee Osteoarthritis

Knee Osteoarthritis, a form of degenerative Arthritis, occurs as a result of wear and tear of the knee joint. It is generally seen in women, people above 50 years of age but younger individuals may also be affected. The cartilage or the subcutaneous tissues that provide a cushioning effect between the joints gets worn out with age or overuse resulting in Arthritis.

Causes Of Knee Osteoarthritis

  • Injury or infection in the knee joint
  • Excessive body weight that stresses the knee joint
  • Natural degeneration of the cartilage with age
  • Occupational/daily activities that put pressure on the knee joint
  • Weakening of muscles that surround the knee joint
  • Congenital abnormality of the knee structure or inherited tendency to develop Arthritis
  • Metabolic disorders
  • Sports related injury
  • Development of bone spurs
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

Symptoms Of Knee Osteoarthritis

  • Pain is felt when the knee joint is moved
  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Difficulty in moving after sitting for long periods
  • Popping or creaking sound when the joint is moved
  • Inability to squat, sit cross legged, walk, climb stairs or move

Diagnosis Of Knee Osteoarthritis

  • Physical examination by the orthopedic doctor which involves a complete analysis of the activities that cause discomfort
  • Evaluation of the knee joint using X-rays, MRI to assess the damage to cartilage, bone structure and tendons
  • Analysis of the family medical history to assess genetic factors
  • Blood tests may be recommended to check if any other condition is causing pain

Treatment For Knee Osteoarthritis

Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis focuses largely on reduction of pain, swelling or any other symptoms in order to restore mobility. The orthopedic surgeon may suggest the following treatment options to the patient:

  • Specific muscle strengthening and stretching exercises to restore mobility and keep the joint stable
  • Use of anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Use of support braces to relieve pressure on the knee
  • Use of physical and occupational therapies to help the patient move with better flexibility and less pain
  • Arthroscopy, a surgical procedure, may be carried out to remove damaged cartilage particles
  • Osteotomy may be recommended if there is a need to rectify the alignment of bones
  • Joint replacement using artificial parts made of plastic or metal may be recommended
  • Lubricating fluids may be directly injected into the knee joint

For treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis, visit Dr. Kouyoumjian. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon in Frisco, TX, call at (214) 618 – 5502.